Toyota Arizona Proving Grounds Celebrates 25 Years of Ever-Better Cars

WITTMANN, Ariz. (April 25, 2018) – In the heart (and the heat) of the Sonoran Desert, about 60 miles northwest of Phoenix, lies Toyota Arizona Proving Grounds. It’s the company’s largest vehicle testing facility and one of the largest of its kind anywhere in the world.
How big is it? The facility, called TAPG by those in-the-know, encompasses more than 12,000 acres and boasts nearly 80 miles of testing surfaces. TAPG began operations in 1993 to help Toyota better tune and develop vehicles for the North American market. April 25 marks a quarter-century of doing just that.
During the 1991 groundbreaking ceremony, Dr. Shoichiro Toyoda called the facility “another milestone for us in putting our American operations on a truly American footing.” Over the past 25 years, that footing has grown into a solid foundation, which has played a key role in the development of nearly 50 different Toyota and Lexus vehicles.
Nearly every North American Toyota and Lexus model on the road today can trace its roots to TAPG. Whether it’s the tiny iQ, the dramatic Lexus LC500 and 2019 Toyota Avalon, or the hydrogen fuel cell powered, class 8 semi-truck, Project Portal, each had key development phases at Toyota’s desert testing center.
It’s All About Location (and Climate)
TAPG wasn’t built in the Arizona desert simply for privacy. The climate also makes year-round testing possible. With an average temperature of 75ºF, TAPG provides consistent conditions that aren’t limited by cold, snow and rain. When the thermometer occasionally climbs above 120ºF, TAPG conducts exposure and hot-weather performance testing.
Whether the testing is done in the garage or pushing a vehicle’s mechanical limits on the track, it’s always done with a safety-first attitude.
“Quality is certainly a high priority for Toyota,” said Jeff Makarewicz, group vice president of vehicle, quality and safety engineering. “But as at all our facilities, safety is job number one at TAPG. We take that very seriously, and don’t let testing schedules or deadlines compromise the safety of our engineers and technicians.”
Because of this dedication to safety, the facility has gone nearly three years without any serious accidents. “We’re proud of that safety record,” Makarewicz added. “Each and every day we’re committed to keeping that record while we continue to develop ever-better vehicles for our customers.”
It’s Not So Secret Anymore
While TAPG’s safety record is no secret, its existence used to be. Sure, it’s not as covert as Area 51, but Toyota’s remote desert outpost managed to spend the majority of its first decade in relative obscurity. It’s been testing prototype and concept vehicles while quietly concealed from all but the occasional low-flying plane.
That anonymity began to change in the early 2000s when services like Google Earth began providing satellite images of virtually any place on the globe, including TAPG’s 10-mile high-speed oval track. Once the massive track started popping up on computer screens, it wasn’t a secret any longer.
One Location, Many Roles
While much of TAPG’s mission is to test prototype vehicles, it has many other less visible roles. The largest of which is turning Toyota engineers and technicians into professional drivers.
The driver training program has several levels of instruction, varying from basic driving skills on a few surfaces at highway speed to advanced training that qualifies drivers to operate on any of TAPG’s tracks at speeds limited only by the capabilities of the vehicle. Specialized staff train students on mild to extremely difficult off-road driving – everything from simple dirt roads to narrow, technically challenging mountain trails and recovery operations.
All of this training, combined with the talent of the Toyota engineers and technicians and their dedication to safety, ensures that TAPG will continue to play a role in developing some of the best cars and trucks on the planet well into the future.

For more a sneak peak inside the Toyota Arizona Proving Ground, watch this video.

About Toyota
Toyota (NYSE:TM) has been a part of the cultural fabric in the U.S. and North America for 60 years, and is committed to advancing sustainable, next-generation mobility through our Toyota and Lexus brands. During that time, Toyota has created a tremendous value chain as our teams have contributed to world-class design, engineering, and assembly of more than 36 million cars and trucks in North America, where we operate 14 manufacturing plants (10 in the U.S.) and directly employ more than 47,000 people (more than 37,000 in the U.S.).  Our 1,800 North American dealerships (nearly 1,500 in the U.S.) sold more than 2.7 million cars and trucks (2.4 million in the U.S.) in 2017 – and about 87 percent of all Toyota vehicles sold over the past 15 years are still on the road today.  
Toyota partners with community, civic, academic, and governmental organizations to address our society’s most pressing mobility challenges. We share company resources and extensive know-how to support non-profits to help expand their ability to assist more people move more places. For more information about Toyota, visit
Toyota Motor North America Research & Development (TMNA R&D) aims to redefine next-generation cars as not simply a form of transportation, but as a fully connected vehicle. In fact, since 2003, Toyota has been awarded more patents than any other automaker, including autonomous vehicle patents (more than 1,400). Centered in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Toyota puts the brightest thinkers from all across America together to focus on letting people live more safely and comfortably. Globally, Toyota spends approximately $1 million per hour on R&D to ensure that Toyota rapidly and continuously develops cutting-edge, high-quality, and appealing vehicles. 

Brian Watkins
[email protected]


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